- Order: Passeriformes
- Family: Thamnophilidae
Trairão, Pará, Brazil; 24 July 2012 © Gabriel Leite
The Saturnine Antshrike has occasionally been placed in the genus Dysithamnus (with the antvireos), but is considered to form a superspecies with the Dusky-throated Antshrike (Thamnomanes ardesiacus), whose range virtually surrounds that of the present species. Compared to the latter species, it has a larger black throat, longer bill, and more extensive interscapular patch. The Saturnine Antshrike inhabits the understory of lowland evergreen forest in western Amazonia, as far south and west as northeast Peru and northeast Bolivia, where singles and pairs are usually associated with mixed-species foraging flocks, which sometimes also include the congeneric Cinereous Antshrike (Thamnomanes caesius). The latter species typically perches more vertically than the Saturnine Antshrike, a distinction that holds true in comparison to the Bluish-slate Antshrike (Thamnomanes schistogynus), which overlaps with the present species in parts of eastern Peru and western Brazil.
. 2010. Saturnine Antshrike (Thamnomanes saturninus), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=374291