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Pale-billed Woodpecker

Campephilus guatemalensis

Pale-billed Woodpecker

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Polytypic 3 Subspecies

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S.

Pale-billed Woodpecker

male; © L. Kay

The Pale-billed Woodpecker is one of the largest and most spectacular woodpeckers in Central America. Found in lowland forests from northern Mexico south to western Panama, this species is fairly common throughout most of its range, but is not present in heavily deforested areas, and may now be extirpated from the northwestern limit of its reported distribution in Sonora, Mexico. The Pale-billed Woodpecker also overlaps geographically with the similarly-sized Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus), which has a greater affinity for forest edge.

Pale-billed Woodpecker, male © L. Kay

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S.. 2009. Pale-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus guatemalensis), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical lowland evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:Midstory
  • Foraging Behavior:Hammer
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:---
  • Nest Form:Cavity
  • Clutch: 2 - 2
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern