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Cranioleuca henricae

Bolivian Spinetail

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Furnariidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S

Cranioleuca henricae

Inquisivi, La Paz, Bolivia; 28 August 2005 © Joe Tobias

Endemic to the east slope of the Andes in western Bolivia, the Bolivian Spinetail is fairly common within its small range, but it was not discovered until as recently as the late 1990s. In terms of plumage, the Bolivian Spinetail is a fairly typical Cranioleuca, with a rufous crown, wings and tail, a brownish olive nape to rump, a prominent whitish supercilium, and a grayish face and underparts, washed olive over the vent and flanks. It occurs in the understory of dry, deciduous forest in valleys at 1800-3300 m, where much a suitable habitat apparently already has been destroyed. This habitat loss, in conjunction with the small geographic range of the species (estimated as approximately 3000 km2) has led to the Bolivian Spinetail being considered an Endangered species.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S. 2012. Bolivian Spinetail (Cranioleuca henricae), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=339421

This map provided by Robert S. Ridgely.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical deciduous forest
  • Foraging Strata:Understory/Midstory
  • Foraging Behavior:Glean
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Solitary/Pairs
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:Undescribed
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Endangered