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Colaptes campestris

Campo Flicker

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Dias, Raphael Igor, and Regina Helena Macedo

Colaptes campestris

Brazil; 23 August 2008 © Flávio Cruvinel Brandão

A characteristic bird of open country, the Campo Flicker occupies savanna and scrubland; it has a few isolated populations in northeastern South America and in Amazonia, and is widespread in central South America.  These woodpeckers are characterized by their black forehead, red and black malar, dark brown upperparts, and barred underparts. Campo Flickers feed almost exclusively on the ground, walking or hopping along the ground in search of termites, ants and beetles. They sometimes forage in flocks. Campo Flickers have been known to hammer open the large mounds made by terrestrial termites to get at the insects within.

Recommended Citation

Dias, Raphael Igor, and Regina Helena Macedo. 2010. Campo Flicker (Colaptes campestris), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Low, seasonally wet grassland
  • Foraging Strata:Terrestrial
  • Foraging Behavior:---
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Solitary/Pairs
  • Mating System:---
  • Nest Form:Cavity
  • Clutch: 3 - 5
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern