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Colaptes fernandinae

Fernandina's Flicker

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae


Colaptes fernandinae

Mantanzas, Cuba; 12 August 2007 © copepodo

Fernandina's Flicker is an endemic to Cuba. This woodpecker also is very rare, with a total population estimated at only 600-800 individuals, most of which occur in western Cuba, in the region of the Zapata Swamp. Fernandina's Flicker formerly was much more common and widespread, and there is evidence that the population decline continues today. Fernandina's Flicker has a barred plumage pattern that somewhat resembles that of a female Williamson's Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus). Fernandina's Flickers breed between March and June, and nest in old hollowed out palms. They share these breeding trees with other cavity nesters such as Cuban Parrots (Amazona leucocephala), and Bare-legged Owl (Gymnoglaux lawrencii). Interestingly there is evidence that nesting holes used by the flickers are initiated by West Indian Woodpeckers (Melanerpes superciliaris); the flicker robs the woodpecker of the holey and completes construction of the cavity by itself! Fernandina’s Flicker forages mostly on the ground, and ants are often cited as a common food.

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Recommended Citation

. 2010. Fernandina's Flicker (Colaptes fernandinae), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical lowland evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:Terrestrial
  • Foraging Behavior:Peck
  • Diet:
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Vulnerable