skip to content

Melanerpes flavifrons

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae


Melanerpes flavifrons

Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil; 29 July 2014 © Bertrando Campos

The Yellow-fronted Woodpecker is a typical Melanerpes in most aspects of its behavior, but it is certainly one of the most attractive of the genus. The upperparts are largely blue-black, with a large white rump patch, and there is also a broad dark stripe through the eye reaching to the ‘shoulder’. The crown and belly are red, the flanks heavily dark-barred, and the throat, forehead, and eye-ring are yellow, while females lack the red crown. The Yellow-fronted Woodpecker forms a superspecies with the Yellow-tufted Woodpecker (Melanerpes cruentatus), which is exclusively Amazonian in distribution, whereas the present species is confined to southeast South America, where it is endemic to humid forest and semi-open wooded areas within the Atlantic Forest biome, from southeast Brazil to eastern Paraguay and northeast Argentina. Like other Melanerpes, the Yellow-fronted Woodpecker breeds cooperatively, with up to four males and two females attending a single nest.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute — we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more

Recommended Citation

. 2010. Yellow-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes flavifrons), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:
  • Primary Habitat:
  • Foraging Strata:
  • Foraging Behavior:
  • Diet:
  • Sociality:
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status: