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Ramphastos sulfuratus

Keel-billed Toucan

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Jones, Revee, and Carole S. Griffiths

Ramphastos sulfuratus

Monteverde, Costa Rica; 19 December 2008 © Pamela Condos

The Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus) occurs in tropical lowland evergreen and secondary forests from southern Mexico, where it is the only large toucan, south through Central America to northern Colombia and extreme northwestern Venezuela. In a large part of its range, it overlaps with the "Chestnut-mandibled Toucan" (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii).  Its bizarrely patterned green, orange, red, and blue bill is diagnostic.  It feeds largely on fruit, but also consumes arthropods and small vertebrates.

Recommended Citation

Jones, Revee, and Carole S. Griffiths. 2011. Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical lowland evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:Reach
  • Diet:Fruit
  • Sociality:Pairs/Family Groups
  • Mating System:Monogamy
  • Nest Form:Cavity
  • Clutch: 1 - 4
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern