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Ramphastos toco

Toco Toucan

  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Ramphastidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Sedgwick, Carolyn W

Ramphastos toco

Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 15 November 2008 © Edgard Onoda

The Toco Toucan is the one of the most recognizable tropical birds in the Americas.  The only non-forest toucan, the Toco Toucan is found along forest edges and in low wet grassland from Guyana south to Argentina, and from central Brazil west to southeastern Peru. Toco Toucans are the largest species of toucan and can be identified by their black body, white bib, red undertail coverts and large red-orange bill. Toco Toucans feed extensively on figs and other fruit, and also occasionally prey on insects and nestling birds.  When foraging, these birds travel in small groups in the canopy, gliding in single file from site to site.

Recommended Citation

Sedgwick, Carolyn W. 2010. Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Gallery forest
  • Foraging Strata:Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:Reach
  • Diet:Fruit
  • Sociality:Solitary/Pairs
  • Mating System:---
  • Nest Form:Cavity
  • Clutch: 2 - 4
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern