skip to content

Jacamaralcyon tridactyla

Three-toed Jacamar

  • Order: Galbuliformes
  • Family: Galbulidae
  • Monotypic


Jacamaralcyon tridactyla

Sumidouro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 30 March 2014 © Nigel Voaden

The Three-toed Jacamar is a small, distinctive jacamar endemic to a small region of the Atlantic forests of southeastern Brazil. It has a brownish head, thickly mottled with thin pale streaks giving it a porcupine-like appearance on the face. It has dull green upperparts, a white breast and belly, and a long dark bill. This species is most often observed in small groups, which perch at various levels and dart out to capture flying insects. It occurs in forest patches, typically near water. Burrows are sometimes attended by groups, suggesting cooperative breeding, and have been recorded in clusters of up to 20 in a single bank. The Three-toed Jacamar is threatened by habitat loss and the loss of suitable nesting sites.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute — we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more

Recommended Citation

. 2010. Three-toed Jacamar (Jacamaralcyon tridactyla), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical lowland evergreen forest edge
  • Foraging Strata:
  • Foraging Behavior:
  • Diet:
  • Sociality:
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Vulnerable