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Amazilia viridifrons

Green-fronted Hummingbird

  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Arizmendi, M. C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg

Amazilia viridifrons

en route to Oaxaca, Mexico; 27 March 2007 © Christopher L. Wood

Found only in southwestern Mexico, Green-fronted Hummingbird inhabits arid scrub, pine oak forests, oak scrub, thorn forests, riparian woodlands, and partially open areas. Following the breeding season, some birds move to lower elevations. Year-round, Green-fronted Hummingbirds collect nectar from flowers at middle to upper levels and hawk for insects. Both males and females are all white below. Males have coppery tails that range from bronzy to more purplish while females tend to show less copper and more greenish gold in the tail.

Recommended Citation

Arizmendi, M. C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg. 2013. Green-fronted Hummingbird (Amazilia viridifrons), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical deciduous forest
  • Foraging Strata:Midstory/Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:Probe
  • Diet:Nectar
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 2 - 2
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern