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Streptoprocne zonaris

White-collared Swift

  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Apodidae
  • Polytypic 9 Subspecies

Authors: Roper, E. M

Streptoprocne zonaris

Jarabacoa, Dominican Republic; 29 September 2012 © Mario Davalos

A large, black swift with a complete white collar, the White-collared Swift can be found in a wide range of habitats at a wide range of altitudes. Most commonly found in montane or submontane evergreen forests, the White-collared Swift spends most of the day on the wing, in flocks of as many as 200 individuals, hunting for flying insects. These flocks may contain members of several species of swifts, although White-collared Swifts also form large single-species flocks. This species has a clutch size of two eggs and can nest either colonially or individually at the mouth of caves, behind waterfalls, and on other dark, vertical surfaces. The White-collared Swift displays a variety of migratory strategies throughout its range, with some populations being altitudinal migrants and other populations being nonmigratory.

Recommended Citation

Roper, E. M. 2011. White-collared Swift (Streptoprocne zonaris), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Montane evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:Aerial
  • Foraging Behavior:Screen
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Single-Species Flocks
  • Mating System:Unknown
  • Nest Form:Saucer
  • Clutch: 1 - 2
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern