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Glaucidium peruanum

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl

  • Order: Strigiformes
  • Family: Strigidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Hope Batcheller

Glaucidium peruanum

Chaparri, Lambayeque, Peru; 3 March 2007 © Alejandro Tabini

The Peruvian Pygmy-Owl (also known as the Pacific Pygmy-Owl) is distinctive as it is the only pygmy-owl occurring in the lowlands on the west slope of the Andes. In intermontane valleys, where its range overlaps that of Yungas Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium bolivianum), it is best separated by its vocalizations and preference for dryer habitats. Peruvian Pygmy-Owls commonly hunting diurnally in dry forest and scrub, and frequently inhabit settled areas. Lowland birds are generally more rufous-colored than those occurring at higher elevations, having a paler, more cinnamon-colored appearance. The high-elevation birds tend to be darker gray or brown, with more extensive white spotting throughout. Peruvian Pgymy-Owls were confused until recently with the widespread Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum), but the rapid whistled song of Peruvian is very different from the slower toots of Ferruginous.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Hope Batcheller. 2012. Peruvian Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium peruanum), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Riparian thickets
  • Foraging Strata:Midstory/Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:---
  • Diet:Small vertebrates and large arthropods
  • Sociality:Solitary/Pairs
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:Cavity
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern