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Puffinus nativitatis

Christmas Shearwater

  • Order: Procellariiformes
  • Family: Procellariidae

Authors: Ramos-Ordoñez, M.F., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González & M.C. Arizmendi

Puffinus nativitatis

Tern Island, Hawaii; 13 July 2006 © angrysunbird (Duncan)

The Christmas Shearwater is an all-dark and small shearwater of the Tropical Pacific. It does not breed near the Americas, but in its non-breeding wandering it may come into pelagic waters of Central America and perhaps northern South America. While the outward appearance of this shearwater may suggest relationship to Sooty (Puffinus griseus) or Short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris), molecular data actually suggests a close relationship to the Galapagos Shearwater (Puffinus subalaris) a small shearwater with white underparts. Christmas Shearwaters are named for the type locality, Christmas Island (Kiritimati Island). This small shearwater may be separated from Sooty and Short-tailed shearwaters by the noticeably smaller size, also by the rather rounded wings and preference for warmer water.

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Recommended Citation

Ramos-Ordoñez, M.F., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González & M.C. Arizmendi. 2010. Christmas Shearwater (Puffinus nativitatis), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=102396

  • Migration/Movement:Undescribed
  • Primary Habitat:Pelagic waters
  • Foraging Strata:Water (below surface)
  • Foraging Behavior:Surface dive
  • Diet:Aquatic invertebrates
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern