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Diglossa major

Greater Flowerpiercer

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Emberizidae
  • Polytypic 4 Subspecies

Authors: Horita, Chie, Erik R. Funk, Casey H. Richart, and Kevin J. Burns

Diglossa major

Sierra de Lema, Canaima National Park, Bolívar, Venezuela; © David J. Southall

No other Diglossa is found in the range of this, the largest flowerpiercer, which is endemic to the Pantepui region of southeastern Venezuela, adjacent Guyana, and northernmost Brazil. Its song—a scratchy rattling introduced by a series of tinkling notes—is seemingly quite different to that of any congeneric. Greater Flowerpiercer is an unmistakable bird, being mostly bluish slate on the head and body, but becoming darker over the upperparts with bluish shaft streaks on the crown and mantle, a black facial mask, a whitish submoustachial streak, and chestnut undertail coverts. It is confined to the slopes and summits of a few tepuis, usually in stunted woodland, and is most frequently encountered in pairs or alone.

Recommended Citation

Horita, Chie, Erik R. Funk, Casey H. Richart, and Kevin J. Burns. 2016. Greater Flowerpiercer (Diglossa major), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map provided by Robert S. Ridgely.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Montane evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:Probe
  • Diet:Omnivorous
  • Sociality:Mixed Flocks
  • Mating System:Unknown
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern