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Phylloscartes superciliaris

Rufous-browed Tyrannulet

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Tyrannidae
  • Polytypic 3 Subspecies

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Guy M. Kirwan

Phylloscartes superciliaris

Central Andes, Colombia; 15 December 2001 © Andres M. Cuervo

The Rufous-browed Tyrannulet is the sole member of the genus Phylloscartes to be found in Central America, where it occurs from Costa Rica to Panama; the species also occurs disjunctly in South America, from northwest Venezuela, over the east slope of the Andes through Colombia to southeast Ecuador and extreme northern Peru. Like its congenerics, this species prefers humid montane forest habitats, while its overall altitudinal range covers 600-2000 m. In common with other Phylloscartes, this species is a canopy-dweller, where singles, pairs, or what are presumably family parties, regularly join mixed-species flocks, and feed on insects and also, to some extent, small fruits. Nothing concrete is known concerning the Rufous-browed Tyrannulet’s breeding ecology. Three subspecies of Rufous-browed Tyrannulet have traditionally been recognized, but the validity of these requires revalidation, given that only slight morphological differences between them have been described, but this task is complicated by the lack of available specimen material.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Guy M. Kirwan. 2012. Rufous-browed Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes superciliaris), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website, for the distribution in Central America and/or Caribbean, and on a map provided by Robert S. Ridgely, for the South American distribution.

The data for the InforNatura maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:---
  • Foraging Strata:Canopy
  • Foraging Behavior:Sally
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Mixed Flocks
  • Mating System:
  • Nest Form:Undescribed
  • Clutch: -
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern