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Hylocharis leucotis

White-eared Hummingbird

  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Polytypic 3 Subspecies

Authors: Arizmendi, M. C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg

Hylocharis leucotis

Chelemha Reserve, Alta Verapaz, Guatemala; 31 July 2009 © Knut Eisermann

White-eared Hummingbird occupies montane pine-oak, oak, and pine-evergreen forests from the extreme southwestern United States south to Nicaragua. These are territorial hummingbirds spend most of their time at the lower and middle levels of the forest, where they are particularly common near banks of low flowers. Both males and females have a dark cheek bordered by a long white stripe behind the eye, and both have some extent of red on the bill. Their metallic chipping song also helps identify them from similar species. White-eared Hummingbird nests are frequently placed in close proximity to one another and sometimes are even built on top of old nests. White-eared Hummingbird is primarily resident, but most individuals of the northernmost populations move south after breeding, and southern populations may have seasonal altitudinal movements.

Recommended Citation

Arizmendi, M. C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, C. Soberanes-González, and Thomas S. Schulenberg. 2015. White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Complex Migrant
  • Primary Habitat:Pine forest
  • Foraging Strata:Understory/Midstory
  • Foraging Behavior:Probe
  • Diet:Nectar
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:Polygyny
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 2 - 2
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern