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Mangrove Hummingbird

Amazilia boucardi

Mangrove Hummingbird

  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Luther, David

Life History

Food

The species prefers nectar of flowers from the buttressed Tea Mangrove Pelliciera rhizophorae. It also eats insects (Ridgley and Gwynne 1989). In an ongoing study, Elizabeth Jones and Abraham Gallo have observed the Mangrove Hummingbird feeding at flowers of an Inga sp. (Fabaceae), the purple flowers of a vine (Maripa nicaraguensis, Convolvulaceae), as well as Heliconia sp. (Heliconiaceae) flowers in a forest clearing within 200 m of the mangrove edge (D. J. Lebbin, personal communication).

Behavior

The species forages at lower and middle levels of mangrove swamps and adjacent vegetation.

Territoriality

No information.

Sexual Behavior

No information.

Social and interspecific behavior

No information.

Predation

No information.

Reproduction

Breeding season is between October and February. The nest has the form of a small cup and consists of balso floss, plant down, cobwebs and lichens on the outside wall. The nest is usually placed on mangrove twigs one to four meters above water. The clutch size is two eggs. The female incubates the eggs.

Photo © Liz Jones

Photo by Liz Jones

Populations and Demography

The species is patchily distributed even within the large mangrove forests in its range. The patchy distribution could reflect the presence of its preferred food, the nectar of Pelliciera rhizophorae. The population is estimated to be between 2,500 and 10,000 individuals and is thought to be decreasing (Birdlife 2008).

Recommended Citation

Luther, David. 2009. Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=25358