- Order: Apodiformes
- Family: Trochilidae
The species prefers nectar of flowers from the buttressed Tea Mangrove Pelliciera rhizophorae. It also eats insects (Ridgley and Gwynne 1989). In an ongoing study, Elizabeth Jones and Abraham Gallo have observed the Mangrove Hummingbird feeding at flowers of an Inga sp. (Fabaceae), the purple flowers of a vine (Maripa nicaraguensis, Convolvulaceae), as well as Heliconia sp. (Heliconiaceae) flowers in a forest clearing within 200 m of the mangrove edge (D. J. Lebbin, personal communication).
The species forages at lower and middle levels of mangrove swamps and adjacent vegetation.
Social and interspecific behavior
Breeding season is between October and February. The nest has the form of a small cup and consists of balso floss, plant down, cobwebs and lichens on the outside wall. The nest is usually placed on mangrove twigs one to four meters above water. The clutch size is two eggs. The female incubates the eggs.
Photo by Liz Jones
Populations and Demography
The species is patchily distributed even within the large mangrove forests in its range. The patchy distribution could reflect the presence of its preferred food, the nectar of Pelliciera rhizophorae. The population is estimated to be between 2,500 and 10,000 individuals and is thought to be decreasing (Birdlife 2008).
Luther, David. 2009. Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=25358