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Phaenostictus mcleannani

Ocellated Antbird

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thamnophilidae
  • Polytypic 3 Subspecies

Authors: Batcheller, Hope


The Americas

Resident from Honduras to northwestern Ecuador. In Colombia and Ecuador, occurs exclusively west of the Andes. Primarily restricted to the lowland Caribbean rainforest in Central America.

In Costa Rica, its elevational range is up to 1200-500 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Occasionally occurs up to 700 meters in Ecuador, but is largely restricted to the lowlands (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001). 

Outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Ocellated Antbird occurs in the undergrowth of humid lowland forest. They generally require either old growth forest or old second growth (Blake and Loiselle 1991), with a strong preference towards old growth forest (Blake and Loiselle 2001).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Batcheller, Hope. 2012. Ocellated Antbird (Phaenostictus mcleannani), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website, for the distribution in Central America and/or Caribbean, and on a map provided by Robert S. Ridgely, for the South American distribution.

The data for the InforNatura maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.