skip to content

Grallaria watkinsi

Watkins's Antpitta

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Grallariidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S., Harold F. Greeney, and Ryan S. Terrill


The Americas

Watkins's Antpitta is resident in a restricted area of southwestern Ecuador and in adjacent Peru. Most of the range is in western Loja and in El Oro, Ecuador (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a) and across the Peruvian border in Tumbes (Bond 1950, Wiedenfield et al. 1985). There is an apparently isolated population farther north in Ecuador, in the Cordillera de Colonche in southwestern Manabí and in western Guayas (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).Distribution in Peru of Watkin's Antpitta. Solid circles: specimen records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The elevational distribution of Watkins's Antpitta is from sea level up to 1800 in Ecuador, although locally (Cordillera de Colonche) it does not occur below 400 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a). Similarly, in Peru it is known only from 400–900 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007). Thus, its altitudinal range usually is below that of the similar Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla), which in Ecuador occurs primarily at 2000-3100 m, although at a few sites it is found as low as 1600 m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a); and which occurs in Peru at 1200–3100 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Watkins's Antpitta occupies dry, semideciduous, and, locally, in evergreen forests, as well as adjacent dense second growth (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a, Krabbe and Schulenberg 2003, Schulenberg et al. 2007). At one site in Peru, it was "fairly common (by voice), but restricted to greener portions of forest, especially the shaded, denser vegetation of narrow ravines" (Parker et al. 1995).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S., Harold F. Greeney, and Ryan S. Terrill. 2013. Watkins's Antpitta (Grallaria watkinsi), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map provided by Robert S. Ridgely.