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Glaucidium peruanum

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl

  • Order: Strigiformes
  • Family: Strigidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Hope Batcheller


The Americas

Peruvian Pygmy-Owl is resident on the west slope of the Andes from southwestern Ecuador through Peru to northern Chile, and also occurs in locally in semiarid intermontane valleys. The distribution in Ecuador extends north to northern Manabí, southern Pichincha, and Los Ríos (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a). It occurs along the entire Pacific slope of Peru. It also occurs in the semiarid Marañón, upper Huallaga, Apurímac, and upper Urubamba valleys. The distribution extends south in Chile through Tarapacá to northern Antofagasta (Jaramillo 2003).Distribution in Peru of Glaucidium peruanum. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles: sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The elevational distribution in Ecuador primarily is below 1200 m, but extends up to 1500-2000 m locally in El Oro and Azuay, and locally to 2400 m in Loja (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a). Occurs in Peru up to 3300 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007), and to 3500 m in Chile (Jaramillo 2003).

Outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Peruvian Pygmy-Owl occurs in deciduous forest, riparian forest, arid lowland scrub, arid montane scrub, in agricultural areas with large trees, and in gardens and town plazas (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a, Jaramillo 2003, Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, Thomas S., and Hope Batcheller. 2012. Peruvian Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium peruanum), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.