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Geotrygon montana

Ruddy Quail-Dove

  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Kuecker, Zerick, C. Soberanes-González, C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, and Tom Johnson


The Americas

The Ruddy Quail-Dove is widespread in the lowlands of the Neotropics, from northern Mexico south to northern Argentina. It occurs throughout the Greater Antilles, and in the Lesser Antilles on Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada.

In Central America in occurs on both slopes from Mexico south to El Salvador (Howell and Webb 1995). It is present only on the Atlantic slope of Honduras and Nicaragua, as well as in Costa Rica and Panama; the distribution on the Pacific slope resumes in southern Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995).

Distribution in Peru of Geotrygon montana. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The Ruddy Quail-Dove often is described as resident (e.g. Panama, Wetmore 1968; Costa Rica, Stiles and Skutch 1989; Mexico, Howell and Webb 1995; Caribbean, Raffaele et al. 1998; Venezuela, Hilty 2003; Peru, Schulenberg et al. 2007). Stouffer and Bierregaard (1993), however, document dramatic changes in abundance, or even its periodic absence, at a site in Amazonian Brazil. Stouffer and Bierregaard (1993) suggest that these movements are large scale irruptive movements in search of food resources, rather than regular migrations.

Outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The Ruddy Quail-Dove primarily occurs in the understory of lowland evergreen forest, but also occurs in tall second growth, semi-deciduous forests and in coffee and cacao plantations (Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995).

Historical changes

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Fossil history

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Recommended Citation

Kuecker, Zerick, C. Soberanes-González, C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, and Tom Johnson. 2012. Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.